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11. Driving Under the Influence

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Alcohol Statistics

Alcohol impaired drivers tend to stare rather than scan. This can significantly impair your awareness of other vehicles and developing traffic situations.

Alcohol impaired drivers have difficulty performing more than one task at a time, which is a serious driving impairment since you must be able to perform multiple tasks to stay safe behind the wheel.

Alcohol impaired drivers often forget to perform important driving tasks such as turning on or dimming their headlights. They may also forget to wear their safety belt, thereby increasing their risk of being fatally injured in an accident.

Even very small amounts of alcohol adversely affect: (a) your ability to accommodate changing levels of light, (b) your depth perception, (c) your ability to make rapid lateral eye movements needed to scan for hazards, and (d) your fields of vision. Reduced visual function and poor judgment, especially at night, can be a deadly combination.

Alcohol slows your mental processes, which includes your ability to recognize hazards. This in turn requires you to have quicker reflexes because your time to react has been shortened. With your basic reflexes slowed, your chances of staying out of an accident are reduced.

Alcohol impaired drivers' reaction time is much slower than a non-impaired driver. The nerves are affected by alcohol and an impaired driver cannot react quickly to an unfolding situation and make an appropriate decision. Alcohol significantly slows the decision making process.

Myths about alcohol include the belief that cold showers, black coffee, or exercising will sober up a person when, in reality, the time to sober up is dependent on body weight, what you have had to eat, and other factors outside your immediate control. There is no way to speed up the sobering process.


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Lesson Summary


  

Lesson 11 Quiz


You will now answer 5 questions to test what you learned during this lesson. You must answer all questions correctly to receive completion credit for this lesson. You may answer the questions as many times as necessary to get them right.

You should review the lesson material if you don't do well on the quiz.

  1. If you are under 21, the zero tolerance policy for drinking and driving will revoke your license even if your BAC is as low as what percent?


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  2. BAC stands for:


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  3. Alcohol is a:


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  4. After completing all 11 lessons and then passing the final test, your certificate of completion of driver education will be:


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  5. Designated Drivers:


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