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9. Auto Accidents: Causes & Prevention

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170
Unwanted Surprises

Hood Fly-Up

If your hood suddenly flies up while you are driving, you should:

  • slow down
  • try to look under the hood to see where you are going, but if you cannot then put your head out the window to look around the hood and use the lane line markings as a guide
  • pull off the road as soon as is safely possible and put on your emergency flashers
  • Run Off-Road

    If you accidentally run one or more of your tires off of the pavement and onto the shoulder of the roadway, do not quickly turn the steering wheel back towards the roadway. This can cause you to hook the edge of the pavement and skid or flip your vehicle. You should ease your foot off of the gas pedal and brake gently. Slowly steer your vehicle back onto the pavement.

    Oncoming Vehicle

    If a vehicle is approaching you head on when you are in the proper lane for traveling in your direction, you should:

  • slow down
  • pull to the right
  • sound your horn
  • Do not pull into the left (oncoming) lane, because the other driver may realize their error and swerve back into the proper lane.

    Remember that hitting anything else is usually better than a head-on collision with another vehicle.

    Deep water

    If your vehicle goes into water such as a lake or river, you should:

  • remember that your vehicle will float for at least a short period of time
  • unfasten your seatbelt and help other passengers unfasten theirs
  • escape through a window (do not open a door)
  • If the vehicle sinks quickly, you should climb into the back seat, because an air pocket should form there. Get out as quickly as possible through a window.

    If you cannot get out through the window because your electric windows have shorted, open the door slowly. Although it may be hard to do so at first, as water enters the vehicle, the pressure will equalize and you should be able to open the door.

    Engine Stall

    If your engine stalls while you are driving, you should:

  • turn on your emergency flashers immediately
  • move your vehicle to the side of the road as quickly and safely as possible, realizing that the steering wheel may take more force to turn because the power steering won't work
  • stop your vehicle, realizing that you may need more force on the brakes because power brakes will not work
  • turn on your emergency flashers
  • try to restart the engine. If the engine won't start, call for help. Do not try to restart your engine while you are still moving
  • Lesson Summary


      

    Lesson 9 Quiz


    You will now answer 5 questions to test what you learned during this lesson. You must answer all questions correctly to receive completion credit for this lesson. You may answer the questions as many times as necessary to get them right.

    You should review the lesson material if you don't do well on the quiz.

    1. If you are distracted for one second, by a cell phone, passenger, or other distraction, at 30 mph you will travel how far "blindly"?


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    2. To avoid tailgating, and help avoid a rear-end collision, you should give yourself a gap of how many seconds behind the car in front of you?


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    3. If you have a tire blowout:


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    4. Teenage drivers have a total accident rate that is _____ times that of adults:


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    5. Failure to yield is the primary cause of what percentage of fatal and injury collisions?


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