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9. Auto Accidents: Causes & Prevention

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Faulty Driver Behavior - Speed

Faulty Driver Behavior

Some of the more common driver behaviors which lead to accidents include:

  • driving too fast
  • tailgating
  • inattentiveness
  • poor visual scanning
  • making poor decisions
  • improper lane changes
  • unsafe passing
  • failing to yield the right-of-way
  • failure to keep right being unable to handle a vehicle in emergency situations

The six most common behaviors which cause accidents are:

  • unsafe speed
  • violation of right-of-way rules
  • making improper turns
  • failing to obey stop signals and signs
  • improper lane changes
  • driving on the wrong side of the road

Speed

Speed is indicated as the primary collision factor about 28% of fatal and injury collisions.


The faster that you drive, the less time you have to react to road hazards, the longer it takes for you to stop your vehicle, and the greater the impact and injuries will be if you have an accident.


The basic speed law in California says that no person shall drive a vehicle upon a highway at a speed greater than is reasonable or prudent having due regard for weather, visibility, traffic conditions, and the surface width of the highway, and in no event at a speed which endangers the safety of persons or property.


It is unsafe and illegal to drive faster than the posted speed limit. You should drive slower than the posted speed limit if road or weather conditions warrant doing so. However, driving too slowly can also be unsafe and cause an accident.


Warning speed limits on curves and freeway ramps should be obeyed at all times. These speed limits are posted to help you avoid accidents, even in ideal conditions. If the road or weather conditions are less than perfect, you should drive even slower than these recommended limits.

The key to avoiding accidents caused by unsafe speed is obvious: Slow down. Be aware of posted limits, road conditions, and the weather, and adjust your speed accordingly.

Lesson Summary


  

Lesson 9 Quiz


You will now answer 5 questions to test what you learned during this lesson. You must answer all questions correctly to receive completion credit for this lesson. You may answer the questions as many times as necessary to get them right.

You should review the lesson material if you don't do well on the quiz.

  1. Failure to yield is the primary cause of what percentage of fatal and injury collisions?


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  2. To avoid tailgating, and help avoid a rear-end collision, you should give yourself a gap of how many seconds behind the car in front of you?


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  3. If you are distracted for one second, by a cell phone, passenger, or other distraction, at 30 mph you will travel how far "blindly"?


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  4. If you have a tire blowout:


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  5. Teenage drivers have a total accident rate that is _____ times that of adults:


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