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9. Auto Accidents: Causes & Prevention

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171
Fire & Safety Rules

Fire

If you see smoke or flames coming from your engine while you are driving, you should:

  • pull off the roadway as quickly as is safe
  • turn off the ignition and get away from the vehicle
  • call the fire department
  • not try to put the fire out yourself because it can be very dangerous.
  • If you have a fire extinguisher and the fire is within the passenger compartment or bed of the vehicle, you can try to put the fire out once you are stopped.

    General Safety Rules in a Emergency

    Many accidents happen because a driver didn’t see a stalled car until it was too late to stop. When your car breaks down on the road, make sure that other drivers can see it.

    Prevention is the best safeguard for breakdowns. Frequently check the fuel gauge, oil and other fluid levels, tire tread and pressure, engine drive belts, hoses and the radiator. Be sure the car’s stoplights, headlights, turn signals and four-way emergency flashers operate properly.

    If you are having car trouble and have to stop:

  • if at all possible, pull off the road away from all traffic
  • if you cannot get completely off the road, try to stop where people can see you and your car from behind-- don't stop just over a hill or just around a curve.
  • Turn on your emergency flashers to warn other drivers that your vehicle is broken down. If your car does not have emergency flashers, your turn signals may be used instead.

    If it is safe, raise the hood of your vehicle to signal to others that your are broken down.

    Give other drivers plenty of warning. If you have them, place emergency flares or reflective triangles 200 to 300 feet behind your vehicle. This allows other drivers time to change lanes, if necessary. Be very careful when using flares because they may cause fires if used near flammables such as gasoline.

    If you don't have emergency flares, stay in your vehicle until help arrives. Use a cellular phone to call for help if you have one. Be careful for your safety and stay off the roadway. Don't even attempt to change a tire if it means you will be present in a traffic lane.

    Lesson Summary


      

    Lesson 9 Quiz


    You will now answer 5 questions to test what you learned during this lesson. You must answer all questions correctly to receive completion credit for this lesson. You may answer the questions as many times as necessary to get them right.

    You should review the lesson material if you don't do well on the quiz.

    1. To avoid tailgating, and help avoid a rear-end collision, you should give yourself a gap of how many seconds behind the car in front of you?


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    2. Teenage drivers have a total accident rate that is _____ times that of adults:


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    3. If you are distracted for one second, by a cell phone, passenger, or other distraction, at 30 mph you will travel how far "blindly"?


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    4. If you have a tire blowout:


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    5. Failure to yield is the primary cause of what percentage of fatal and injury collisions?


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